Developing Marine Protected Area Networks in the Coral Triangle: Good Practices for Expanding the Coral Triangle Marine Protected Area System

The authors describe six case studies of marine protected area (MPA) networks in the Coral Triangle region that differ in scale and the approach taken to establish the networks. These are:

  • Nusa Penida in Indonesia
  • Tun Mustapha Park in Malaysia
  • Kimbe Bay in Papua New Guinea
  • Verde Island Passage in the Philippines
  • The Lauru Ridges to Reefs Protected Area Network in Choiseul, Solomon Islands
  • Nino Konis Santana Park in Timor Leste

Through a synthesis of these case studies, common themes underlying successful outcomes were generated. These are:

  • Multi-stakeholder and cross-level management institutions: because ecological and institutional boundaries rarely overlap, multi-scale management and governance are needed for effective management
  • Integrated scientific information and local knowledge and traditions: MPA networks designed using scientific information and local knowledge that include stakeholder involvement typically have better compliance and community ownership
  • Building capacity for local responsibility and leadership: while all MPAs in the case studies above had the involvement of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), technical support should build the capacity for local management and leadership for long-term success
  • Multiple-use zoning to balance objectives: this flexible approach allows multiple objectives of the MPA network to be met for a broad range of stakeholder interests
  • Learning networks: Dissemination of lessons learned and best practices for MPA networks, and support networks are needed to share experiences and facilitate effective management

Author: Weeks, R., P.M. AliƱo, S. Atkinson, P. Beldia II, A. Binson, W.L. Campos, R. Djohani, A.L. Green, R. Hamilton, V. Horigue, R. Jumin, K. Kalim, A. Kasasiah, J. Kereseka, C. Klein, L. Laroya, S. Magupin, B. Masike, C. Mohan, R.M. Da Silva Pinto, A. Vave-Karamui, C. Villanoy, M. Welly, and A.T. White
Year: 2014
View Abstract
Email for the full article: resilience@tnc.org

Coastal Management 42(2): 183-205. doi: 10.1080/08920753.2014.877768

Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterEmail this to someone