This review article discusses the emergence of a multi-system approach for MPA management including managing for social-ecological resilience. Hughes et al. discuss the need to move towards a new framework of adaptive governance that does the following: embraces uncertainty and change, builds knowledge of resources and ecosystem dynamics, develops management practices that can measure and respond to ecological feedbacks, and that can be flexible enough to manage at local to international levels. Additionally, this paper has 80 citations that may be of interest to MPA practitioners.
Author: Hughes, T.P., D.R. Bellwood, C. Folke, R.S. Steneck, and J. Wilson
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Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20: 380-386. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2005.03.022