To make sure busy resource managers have access to the latest coral reef and reef fishery science and management strategies, the Reef Resilience Network compiles summaries and links to recent scientific publications. We select articles we think are relevant to resource managers working to address the impacts of global climate change and other stressors at local scales, and who are building resilience into daily management activities.
Explore the easily searchable summaries of journal articles about reef resilience science by scrolling through the list below or using the search feature on the left. Please contact us if you have an idea for an article summary or can’t seem to find an article you’d like access to.
Abstract: Coral restoration is becoming increasingly important to sustain declining reefs. The survival rate of translocated corals in restoration projects is around 65%. This rate is, however, highly variable among projects, with success ranging from 0 to 90% and with detachment being a significant cause of mortality. Improving the speed and strength of coral self-attachment […]
Abstract: Active restoration initiatives are increasingly considered in natural resource management. Laboratory reared coral larvae and recruits have been proposed for stock production but it is unknown if their use impacts subsequent symbiosis once transplanted to the reef. We exposed laboratory and field settled aposymbiotic recruits (recently settled < 1 month) to Symbiodinium in the […]
Abstract: Coastal oceans are increasingly eutrophic, warm and acidic through the addition of anthropogenic nitrogen and carbon, respectively. Among the most sensitive taxa to these changes are scleractinian corals, which engineer the most biodiverse ecosystems on Earth. Corals’ sensitivity is a consequence of their evolutionary investment in symbiosis with the dinoflagellate alga, Symbiodinium. Together, the […]
Abstract: Plastic waste can promote microbial colonization by pathogens implicated in outbreaks of disease in the ocean. We assessed the influence of plastic waste on disease risk in 124,000 reef-building corals from 159 reefs in the Asia-Pacific region. The likelihood of disease increases from 4% to 89% when corals are in contact with plastic. Structurally […]
Abstract: Stony corals from the genus Acropora are widely distributed, important reef-builders and have become increasingly utilized for investigating links between genetics and spawning behaviour. We assembled and annotated a composite transcriptome from Acropora gemmifera using Illumina HiSeq2500 analysis of two libraries from different lunar and solar phases to identify genes that have potential functional […]
Abstract: The effects of multiple stressors on the early life stages of reef-building corals are poorly understood. Elevated temperature is the main physiological driver of mass coral bleaching events, but increasing evidence suggests that other stressors, including elevated dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN), may exacerbate the negative effects of thermal stress. To test this hypothesis, we […]
Abstract: Mid- to late-Holocene sea-level records from low-latitude regions serve as an important baseline of natural variability in sea level and global ice volume prior to the Anthropocene. Here, we reconstruct a high-resolution sea-level curve encompassing the last 6000 years based on a comprehensive study of coral microatolls, which are sensitive low-tide recorders. Our curve […]
Abstract: Changes in coral–sponge interactions can alter reef accretion/erosion balance and are important to predict trends on current algal-dominated Caribbean reefs. Although sponge abundance is increasing on some coral reefs, we lack information on how shifts from corals to bioeroding sponges occur, and how environmental factors such as anomalous seawater temperatures and consequent coral bleaching […]
Abstract: Worldwide, coral reef ecosystems are experiencing increasing pressure from a variety of anthropogenic perturbations including ocean warming and acidification, increased sedimentation, eutrophication, and overfishing, which could shift reefs to a condition of net calcium carbonate (CaCO3) dissolution and erosion. Herein, we determine the net calcification potential and the relative balance of net organic carbon […]
Abstract:Tropical reef systems are transitioning to a new era in which the interval between recurrent bouts of coral bleaching is too short for a full recovery of mature assemblages. We analyzed bleaching records at 100 globally distributed reef locations from 1980 to 2016. The median return time between pairs of severe bleaching events has diminished […]