Coral reefs are facing unprecedented threats from a combination of local and global stressors. At the same time, coral reefs are increasingly recognized as a vital foundation for economic development, community wellbeing and social resilience.
Effective management of coral reefs has become an important focus for coastal communities, and a range of strategies are available to help protect reef biodiversity and facilitate sustainable use.
This section introduces some key strategies for coral reef managers to address local stressors and build resilience of coral reefs in the face of global change. These strategies are important complements to marine protected area (MPA) management and are best implemented as part of an integrated management approach.