Coral restoration in Florida and the US Virgin Islands. Photo © Meaghan Johnson/TNC
Coral reef stakeholders and managers may wish to consider restoration to assist the recovery of areas of coral reefs and associated habitats that have been damaged. Currently, coral reef restoration efforts generally focus on repairing reef habitats damaged by acute physical impacts, such as ship groundings, and a large body of knowledge relating to technical aspects of restoration has accumulated over the last two decades.
The imperative for restoration can sometimes be very strong due to social and political expectations of a ‘quick fix’ to reef damage. However, economic costs and ecological complexity can make restoration a risky endeavor. In particular, restoration is likely to be an expensive failure if the causes of degradation (chronic stressors such as pollution, for example) have not been effectively addressed.
More information about coral restoration can be found in our new Restoration module here.